Digital Urban Management solves problems such as the backwardness of traditional urban management methods, information lagging, surprise management, and extensive management. Over time, the digital city management system has also become more and more perfect.
It is understood that as of the end of June 2013, more than 310 prefecture-level cities and more than 150 county-level cities in China have carried out digital city construction, and more than 170 cities above the prefecture level have been built and put into use.
First, the government takes the lead in planning the layout and speeds up the construction of digital city management
As we all know, Digital Urban Management is a closed-loop process that includes such aspects as information collection, file creation, task assignment, task processing, processing feedback, and closing cases. "No rules are not a rule." The establishment of standards is the basis for digital long-term operation. The standard system of digital city management is relatively sound.
Ma Xubo, Solutions and Presales Management Department of Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co., Ltd. introduced: â€œAt present, the National Standards Committee is working on the formulation of a series of national standards for digital city management information systems. The national standard is expected to include eight parts. This is the further improvement and improvement of the ministerial standards (ie industry standards). "
The national standard is not mandatory. It is only used as a guideline for the local construction of digital urban management. Each locality can flexibly choose how many and how difficult the integrated system is based on the degree of urban construction, the amount of funds, and the focus of urban construction. The content is not the same. There are also many places that have enacted local regulations on the implementation of digital urban management and guidance, and have guided the construction of digital urban management.
Hikvision Ma Xubo believes that â€œsince the need for institutional cooperation, at present, the supporting systems, assessment methods, coordination of various departments are still not perfect, the number and efficiency of problem solving is not ideal.â€ The current operating effectiveness is more obvious or more The featured cities mainly include Hangzhou City and Beijing Dongcheng District. These cities that have implemented digital urban management earlier have already achieved a higher level of development. According to industry insiders, Beijing's Dongcheng District has developed the core process of digital urban management to the field of safety supervision. It collects safety supervision-related matters through safety surveillance and reports it to safety supervision bureaus. If any hidden dangers are discovered, the entire incident will be dispatched. Corresponding departments responsible for rectification. Rui Xiaowei, the general manager of Ruijie Networks and the transportation industry, believes: â€œShijiazhuang, Hebei Province and Quanzhou, Fujian Province are also quite distinctive. The video surveillance system established by relying on the safe city is relatively perfect, and its video data has become an important means of informationization in digital city management. â€
Second, taking intelligence as the core and diversifying collection methods
The early information collection mainly relied on information collectors. Each grid was equipped with a person who was specifically responsible for discovering problems, and used intelligent mobile terminals such as â€œCity Managementâ€ to actively collect and actively report.
Due to the large coverage of the grid, the density of inspections by each information collector is high, and the parts and events from the city are characterized by high mobility and complexity. It is not sufficient to rely solely on manpower to find problems. At present, the construction of Safe City has entered a period of rapid growth from the start-up phase, and some of the first-tier cities have entered the actual combat phase. The comprehensive coverage of the video surveillance system will bring a qualitative leap for digital urban management. For example, if the management of the shop is outside the store, the previous management methods are like cats and mice. The urban management comes to move the goods back to the store, and the city management is gone and put out. This high-frequency event is very difficult to manage. The video probe can play a supervisory role, automatically recognize the store operations, and record illegal activities.
However, the current algorithm for intelligent analysis of video needs further improvement. If the problem of false alarms caused by inaccurate intelligent analysis can be solved, in the future, a composite video monitoring probe combined with sensing technology will have a lot to offer. Such a probe can not only capture video images, but also incorporate other sensors, and use sensor data for monitoring and analysis. Mainly to meet some special needs, such as gas pipelines, noise, dust monitoring, sewage monitoring, river management, land planning and other public utilities monitoring. It is understood that more than 20 communities in Langfang City, Hebei Province have installed monitoring probes for water, heating, and gas, which can be transmitted back to the supervision and command center in real time through wireless methods. As long as the water pressure is low, the supervision and command center will automatically report to the police.
In response, Wang Zhonggang, director of sales of the Urban Application Center of Beijing Construction Digital Technology Co., Ltd., believes that: â€œThere are a lot of components for urban management. If you use IoT sensors, the overall cost is not something the general city can afford.â€
On the other hand, there are more and more opportunities for the public to participate in urban management. The early 12319 hotline and the self-media technologies such as WeChat and Weibo that have risen in the past two years have gradually begun to apply to social information collection. Construction figures Wang Zhonggang predicts that, in the future, grid administrators may cancel, develop into public participation, and the supervisory departments use incentives to mobilize public participation.
Third, under the fine management, data integration is king
The historical data accumulated in the city management work each year is invaluable and can provide reference for later urban planning, construction and management. While "digitalization and informationization" has become the theme of urban management, it also puts forward higher requirements for the integration and sharing of large amounts of data that the city departments have mastered. Therefore, the storage and analysis of various types of data will be the key to the development of digital urban management in the future.
How to fully tap the value of data accumulated in the process of urban management and promote the wisdom of urban management? The concept of hot big data that is currently being scrambled is not used in digital urban management. According to industry insiders, the load of digital urban management has not yet reached the scale required for cloud computing, but digital urban management can be well adapted to cloud computing deployment. At present, cities are building cloud computing centers. The data of the Urban Management Bureau can be hosted on cloud computing centers, but it has not yet entered deep application.
Digital city management has been under development for decades and the content of management has also been continuously enriched and improved. Equipment vendors (such as video surveillance vendors, IOT sensor manufacturers, network equipment manufacturers, GPS and other geographic information collection), platform software vendors, etc. Each party may be a beneficiary.
The positioning of Digital City Management is an integrated management platform that replaces the municipal government to manage the city. Construction figures Wang Zhonggang believes that â€œthe technical threshold for digital urban management is not high, and most companies that do GIS can do it, with only the difference in size.â€ Who will be the future leader? According to Xiao Guangwei, the general manager of Ruijie Networks and the transportation industry, â€œThe hardware is the basis of the entire informationization. The hardware may be dominated by integrators or hardware manufacturers. The software company is the superstructure, and it is closer to the user application. The software platform is good or bad. It directly determines the ease of data analysis.â€ To better promote the development of digital city management, most platform software vendors will choose to cooperate with hardware vendors and operators. At present, there are digital politics, construction figures, sky digital, and kwei sources.
Fourth, the information network, open up the "regarding the second pulse" of various departments
Digital City Management's network integration includes municipal management, environmental sanitation, transportation, land, planning, urban management, and other urban management related business systems. It basically involves all aspects of a city. In the process of â€œDigital Urban Managementâ€ advancing, the integration of existing resources and work processes in various functional departments is the foundation of the foundation, which can avoid the formation of â€œinformation isolated islandsâ€ and enable them to realize the first time after emergencies. Inter-connectivity and resource sharing facilitate command and dispatch.
It is understood that at present, the system between various departments of the government has basically achieved informatization and digitization, and the corresponding networking integration has begun to take shape. Hikvision Ma Xubo believes: "The level of integration of the various functional departments can not be considered fully integrated. The difficulties are mainly reflected in the management and technology. In terms of management, there are more complex factors, such as for law enforcement forensics Although public security video and law enforcement video can basically achieve network integration, deeper opening will encounter security issues, and there will be contradictions in the definition of their powers and responsibilities; in technology, the starting point for the informationization of various lines will be The degree of maturity is different, and the technical specifications of various business systems are not uniform. This brings about a significant amount of interactive sharing constraints for network integration.â€
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